The Army Chief demanded the Security Council and the Secretary General of the United Nations to resolve the issue of Jammu and Kashmir in a peaceful manner according to the resolutions of the Security Council and the aspirations of the Kashmiri people. Chief of Army Staff General Asim Munir spoke as the chief guest in the concluding session of the conference held to review the preparations for the meeting, where caretaker Foreign Minister Jalil Abbas Jilani and others also attended and addressed.
Delegates of various countries, senior officials of the United Nations and members of the diplomatic community in Islamabad also participated. Army Chief General Asim Munir while appreciating the role of the United Nations in the restoration of world peace highlighted the challenges and dangers faced by the peacekeepers.
He stressed that the peacekeeping mission should be able to ensure the safety and security of the soldiers deployed on the mission and to have a more effective capacity to deal with complex threats. General Asim Munir said that Pakistan wants a region where peace is established and trade, transit and investment lead to prosperity for all the states of South, West and Central Asia. The Army Chief demanded the Security Council and the Secretary General of the United Nations to resolve the issue of Jammu and Kashmir in a peaceful manner in accordance with the resolutions of the Security Council and the aspirations of the Kashmiri people.
On this occasion, Caretaker Foreign Minister Jalil Abbas Jilani mentioned Pakistan’s 6-decade-long commitment to the United Nations peacekeeping mission, which is a clear manifestation of Pakistan’s role in global peace and security. The caretaker foreign minister paid tribute to all the brave men and women, including 171 Pakistanis, who laid down their lives in the great cause of peace. He stressed the need to ensure a safe environment for the UN peacekeepers who perform their services for peace around the world.
It should be noted that the ministerial meeting of the United Nations peacekeeping mission was held in Islamabad on August 30 and 31.
Remember that after the first war on Kashmir, India took the issue to the United Nations. The United Nations resolution of August 13, 1948 said that first Pakistan should withdraw its troops from Kashmir, and the residents of Jammu and Kashmir celebrate January 5 every year as “Self-Determination Day” and demand from the United Nations Security Council and the international community. For the solution of the Kashmir problem, the serious problem of Kashmir should be solved by holding a referendum according to the approved resolutions of the United Nations. This is the day when the United Nations Security Council passed a resolution on January 5, 1949, with the consent of Pakistan and India, in which the method of plebiscite was decided to resolve the Kashmir issue. Seeing its position as weak, India took the Kashmir issue to the United Nations on January 1, 1948. On January 15, 1948, the Security Council discussed the issue of Kashmir, on January 20, the Security Council appointed the Commission on Hindu-Pakistan, and on January 28, 1948, the President of the Security Council announced that India and Pakistan would decide the future of the state of Jammu and Kashmir. Agreed to be settled by referendum which shall be held in a neutral and free atmosphere and under the supervision of the United Nations. On 13 Aug 48, the Security Council Commission announced the procedures for ceasefire in Jammu and Kashmir in Part I of the resolution, Part II of the resolution announcing the terms of the affidavit. On January 1, 1949, a ceasefire was declared in Kashmir and on January 5, 1949, the commission presented its second historic resolution with the consent of both sides, the first part of which mentioned the ceasefire, which was also implemented. In it, other matters including the appointment of the moderator of the referendum and the procedure of the referendum were decided. On 22 March 1949, the appointment of the moderator of the referendum came into effect with the consent of both countries, and on 25 December 1948, the commission approved the agreement of both governments. Also, the terms of Part III of the resolution of 13 August 1948 were set, in which other matters related to the referendum were determined with the consent of both countries. Pakistan has fulfilled all its obligations related to the resolutions but at the time of implementation of these resolutions, India has not fulfilled even a single condition of these resolutions by taking the way of escaping the referendum. We examine all this situation and the resolutions of the Security Council. On 28 October 47, when the Indian rulers sent their troops to save the crumbling palace of the Dogra Raj in Kashmir, at that time they understood that a few Within days the state will be free of “invaders”. It was fine. An irregular and volunteer group of Azad Mujahideen was fighting against the Indian army equipped with the latest war equipment. As far as the numbers and equipment of war were concerned, the Indian rulers were right, but they forgot that the Azad Mujahedeen were fighting to protect their freedom and property, and the Indian army was protecting the personal rule and enslaving the people. He was devoted to the lustful pursuit of the unholy purpose of making.That is why the Azad Mujahideen had a heavy burden. So they left the Indians helpless in the valleys and hills of Kashmir and Colonel Roy, the commander of the first Indian contingent, was killed in the first battle. When the Azad Army decided to retreat from Shala Teng on November 8, 1947, the Indians declared that there was no stopping them till Muzaffarabad and started dreaming of reaching Muzaffarabad the next day, but when the Azad Army decided to withdraw from Shala Teng, they decided to withdraw. After setting up their defense line near Uri, the Indian army could not advance even an inch despite their efforts. This was an embarrassment to India for such a military power and it greatly damaged the prestige of Indian forces. Helpless by these conditions, India took refuge in the United Nations and formally submitted the Kashmir issue to the Security Council on January 1, 1948. The London newspaper “Time and Tide” commented on it and wrote, “Nehru. Now they want to get out of the Kashmir dispute and go to the Security Council and take a decision in an honorable manner. He sent the forces without estimating the difficulties to establish peace. But now they face a war. Another newspaper “Spectated” wrote, “The storm was inevitable from the day the Hindu Raja of Muslim-populated Kashmir annexed India and India accepted it”. Presented his case to the Security Council. 1. Attackers should not be allowed to pass through Pakistani territory. 2. Pakistani citizens are also among the attackers. 3. Most of the attackers’ weapons, military supplies and means of transport are provided by Pakistan and Pakistani officers are training and assisting them. On January 12, 1948, on his way to New York, the leader of Pakistan’s delegation, Foreign Minister Sir Zafar ullah Khan, told reporters, “We are happy that India has sought international intervention.” We not only want but are anxious that the foreign troops should be withdrawn from the State and the refugees should be brought back and free polls should be held. It is Pakistan’s sincere wish that the Kashmiri people should be allowed to act according to their will.
Leader of the Indian delegation Sir Gopal Swami Eisingar and Sheikh Muhammad Abdullah were members of this delegation. On behalf of the government of Azad Kashmir, its president Sardar Muhammad Ibrahim Khan went to New York. Speaking to reporters in New York, Sheikh Abdullah said, “Kashmir has exercised its right to independence by joining India and the fact that the people of Kashmir are fighting against the invaders from Pakistan is proof that they “The choice is in favor of India”. Azad Kashmir President Sardar Muhammad Ibrahim Khan said in Karachi on January 12, 1948 before leaving for New York, “We want to maintain peace and order in the land of Kashmir.” We want the end of the Dogra Raj and the establishment of a democratic government in the state so that people can decide their future according to their will without any pressure. I hope that the Security Council will recognize Azad Kashmir as a party and allow me to present my point of view as the war is between India and Azad Kashmir and not between India and Pakistan.” The famous London newspaper “Daily Telegraph” published the following report on the same day, “The battle of Kashmir should not be between India and Pakistan, but between India and the power that called itself the Government of Azad Kashmir.” The aim of this government is only to end the Dogra Raj, which has made the Muslims of Kashmir subservient to the Hindus. From January 15, 1948, the Security Council discussed the issue of Kashmir and on January 20, a resolution was passed to appoint a Commission for Hindu-Pakistan. was announced. The members included in the Commission for India and Pakistan were: 1. Dr. Ricardo Jay Sri of Argentina (Nominated by Pakistan) 2. Joseph Ka Rebel of Czechoslovakia (designated by India) 3. Aigret Griffe of Belgium. 4. Colombia’s Abustoji Friend Hunar. (5) J. Huddle of America. On 28 January 1948, the President of the Security Council announced that India and Pakistan had agreed on these three points. 1. The future of the state of Jammu and Kashmir will be decided through referendum. 2. The referendum will be conducted in an absolutely impartial and free atmosphere. 3. The referendum will be under the supervision of the United Nations. On the one hand, the debate was going on in the Security Council, on the other hand, India launched a massive and massive military operation against the Hurriyat militants in Kashmir and this forced the Azad Mujahedeen to vacate a large area. At the time of this critical situation, the caretaker chief of Azad Kashmir, Chaudhry Ghulam Abbas Khan, issued the following appeal to the people of Pakistan on 11 May 1948: “The fate of Pakistan is linked to Kashmir and the fate of Kashmir is linked to Pakistan. Both cannot be separated from each other. Can be done otherwise disaster is certain. Therefore, the opportunity has come for Pakistan to give us practical assistance. If Pakistan does not show us the light of practical assistance and friendship, it is possible that we and you both will lose our way in the dark darkness ahead. Whatever we have to do, we should do it quickly, lest we regret it later.” (Daily “Dawn” Karachi). The President of Azad Kashmir, Sardar Muhammad Ibrahim Khan, also informed the President of the Security Council about this critical situation through a letter.It was at that time that Pakistan ordered its forces to enter Kashmir as Pakistan’s own borders had become insecure due to Indian military operations. On July 4, 1948, the Kashmir Commission reached Karachi and on the same day, Pakistan’s Foreign Minister Chaudhry Zafarullah Khan informed the Commission about the presence of Pakistani forces in Azad Kashmir. The Commission visited India Pakistan Occupied Kashmir and Azad Kashmir from 4 July 1948 to 2 August 1948. He interacted with the responsible representatives of the Government of India and the Government of Pakistan. Apart from them, he also met Sheikh Muhammad Abdullah, Prime Minister of Occupied Kashmir, Chaudhry Ghulam Abbas Khan, Custodian of Azad Kashmir and President of Azad Kashmir, Sardar Muhammad Ibrahim Khan.
Resolution of the Commission of the United Nations Security Council. On 13 Aug 48, the Commission announced this resolution with the consent of both parties. Part I (1) The governments of India and Pakistan will simultaneously order a ceasefire. (2) There will be no action by either side which will increase their military power in Kashmir. 2. The commission will appoint military observers to enforce the ceasefire. 3. Both the governments will appeal to their people to cooperate in making the atmosphere conducive for negotiations. Part II. After the approval of Part I and the Mataraka war, the two governments will enter into a temporary peace treaty, the details of which will be determined by their representatives and the commission. 1. The government of Pakistan is willing to withdraw its army. 2. Pakistan will use its best efforts to bring back those tribals and Pakistanis who have gone to Kashmir with the intention of war. 3. Until the final settlement, the area that will be vacated by the Pakistan Army will be managed by the local authorities under the supervision of the commission. 1. B: When the Commission reports to the Government of India that the tribals and Pakistani nationals have been recalled in accordance with Part II A No. 2 and further that the army of Pakistan has been recalled from the State, the Government of India agrees that its army Most will be recalled with the advice of the commission.
2. Until the final settlement, the Government of India will retain within the war such parts of its army as may be necessary to assist the local government in the establishment of order and administration.
3. The Government of India will be responsible that the Government of the State of Jammu and Kashmir will use all its powers to maintain peace and security and protect all human rights. (c) The full text of the provisional settlement shall be published by a proclamation. Part III. The Government of India and Pakistan express their desire that the future of the state of Jammu and Kashmir will be determined by the will of the people of the state. The fair and equitable conditions required for free expression of public opinion shall be determined after consultation with the Committee.
After several months of continuous debate, a ceasefire was announced in Kashmir on the night of January 1, 1949, and the fighting was stopped at 11:59 on the same night. According to the information of “Times of India”, India used to spend 45 lakh rupees daily on Kashmir war. On January 5, 1949, the commission presented its second historic resolution with the consent of both sides, the first part of which mentioned the ceasefire, which was also implemented.
Part II (Temporary Reconciliation). 1. Tribals and Pakistani citizens who are in Kashmir for war purposes will have to come back first. 2. After the fulfillment of this condition, the Pakistani forces and most of the Indian forces will withdraw simultaneously and simultaneously from the state. 3. A part of the Indian army will remain in the territory occupied by India at the time of the Mataraka war and the Azad Kashmir army will continue to remain in the Azad region. 4. After that, the Commission and the Nazim Establishment will decide with the advice of the Government of India and the Government of Pakistan as to what number of State and Indian troops should be allowed to remain in the State and what should be done with the independent army.
1. After the temporary truce, a referendum will be held as soon as the arrangements are completed.
2. The moderators shall be candidates of international repute, nominated by the Secretary-General of the United Nations. His formal appointment will be announced by the state government of Jammu and Kashmir.
3. The moderator shall have the necessary powers for free and unfettered deliberation.
4. The decision about his assistants and observers will be decided by the moderator himself.
5. The Nazim will also have to decide where to deploy the rest of the Indian Army and the state army so as not to influence the election.
6. Deported and expelled citizens will be able to return to the state freely and enjoy all their civil rights in the state. A commission will oversee the return of Muslim refugees. The members of which will be nominated by Pakistan. Similarly, the return of non-Muslim refugees will also be done by a designated commission of India.
7. Those who have entered the state after 15th August 1947 for illegitimate purposes will be out of the state. But those non-states who come for legitimate purpose and legitimate political activities, there will be no restriction on them. On 22 March 1949, UN Secretary General Trigoli nominated US Admiral Chisternmutz as the moderator with the consent of India and Pakistan. On 25 Dec 48 the Commission, with the consent of both Governments, presented the terms of Part III of the Resolution of 13 Aug 48.
1. The question of the accession of the state of Jammu and Kashmir to India or Pakistan shall be decided by a free and impartial referendum.
2. It will be the duty of the electoral commission to see that there is no restriction on legitimate political activities in the state. All residents of the state can express their opinions freely.On 22 March 1949, UN Secretary General Trigoli nominated US Admiral Chisternmutz as the moderator with the consent of India and Pakistan. On 25 Dec 48 the Commission, with the consent of both Governments, presented the terms of Part III of the Resolution of 13 Aug 48. 1. The question of the accession of the state of Jammu and Kashmir to India or Pakistan shall be decided by a free and impartial referendum. 2. It will be the duty of the electoral commission to see that there is no restriction on legitimate political activities in the state. All residents of the state can express their opinions freely. 3. All political prisoners were released. 4. Minorities in all parts of the state have full protection. 5. That retaliatory action is not taking place. 6. At the conclusion of the election, the moderator will inform the Commission and the Government of the State of Jammu and Kashmir about the result of the election. It will then certify to the Commission whether the election has been free and fair or not. When the time came to implement these resolutions, the Indian government created new problems. On the contrary, Pakistan recalled all tribals and Pakistanis from Azad Kashmir by 10 February 1949 and thus implemented the most important part of the Commission’s resolution. India did not fulfill even one condition of the resolutions. After that, on the failure of the commission, the UN Security Council appointed Saravan Dixon, Dr. Graham and Mr. Jaring to implement these basic resolutions and to end the differences between the governments of India and Pakistan in this regard.
But all these representatives failed due to the stubbornness of the Indian rulers. India, especially for the past thirty years, has been committing the worst atrocities, killings and killings to suppress the movement based on the demand of the Kashmiris to resolve the Kashmir issue through referendum in accordance with the resolutions approved by the United Nations. It is engaged in continuous violations of human rights. During this time, more than 100,000 Kashmiris have been killed by Indian forces, thousands of women have been raped, properties and buildings have been destroyed, thousands have been imprisoned in jails and thousands have been disabled. The serious situation and the non-resolution of the Kashmir issue is a black mark not only for India but also for the world of humanity. August 5, 2019 was the dark day when India ended the special status of occupied Jammu and Kashmir by trampling international laws under its feet. of This move to convert the Occupied Valley into 2 Union Territories effectively divided the state of Jammu and Kashmir into two pieces. Fearing public backlash, India immediately imposed a curfew in Occupied Jammu and Kashmir. On the one hand, the deployment of 350,000 additional forces regarding the issue of Kashmir was approved by the UN Security Council in 1948, under which India was obliged to hold a referendum under the supervision of the United Nations in Occupied Kashmir. But for 75 years, Kashmiris have been deprived of their right to self-determination. Occupied Kashmir is a flashpoint in the sub-continent’s incomplete agenda of division and nuclear in South Asia. Instead of solving the Kashmir issue, the Modi government has used it for political point-scoring. The most serious violations of human rights are ongoing in Occupied Kashmir. More than 22 thousand women have been widowed and more than 100,000 children have been orphaned in the occupied valley. More than seven thousand Kashmiris have been extrajudicially killed while more than 165 thousand innocent Kashmiris are in jails. India is using pellet guns, collective punishment, house demolitions and sexual assault as weapons to suppress Kashmir’s freedom movement. The massacre of Kashmiris in Sopore, Handwara, Kupwara and the mass rape of Kashmiri women by Indian forces in Kanan-Poshpura, Shopian and Biji Bihar are a disgrace to humanity. India’s illegal annexation of Kashmir is a clear violation of UN resolutions.